Virus infections of equines



Publisher: Elsevier in Amsterdam [Netherlands], New York

Written in English
Cover of: Virus infections of equines |
Published: Pages: 356 Downloads: 947
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Subjects:

  • Horses -- Virus diseases.
  • Edition Notes

    Includes bibliographical references and index.

    Statementedited by Michael J. Studdert.
    SeriesVirus infections of vertebrates ;, 6
    ContributionsStuddert, Michael J.
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsSF959.V57 V57 1996
    The Physical Object
    Paginationxxiii, 356 p. :
    Number of Pages356
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL994901M
    ISBN 100444825274
    LC Control Number96033479

The most appropriate treatment and the patient's chance of recovery depend on the virus involved and the severity of the inflammation. In acute encephalitis, the infection directly affects the. Among scientists, there exist mixed opinions whether equine influenza viruses infect man. In this report, we summarize a systematic and comprehensive review of the English, Chinese, and Mongolian scientific literature regarding evidence for equine influenza virus infections in man. Searches of PubMed, Web of Knowledge, ProQuest, CNKI, Chongqing VIP Database, Wanfang Data and . EEEV infection is thought to confer life-long immunity against re-infection. It does not confer significant cross-immunity against other alphaviruses (e.g., western equine encephalitis virus), and it confers no cross-immunity against flaviviruses (e.g., West Nile virus) or bunyaviruses (e.g., La Crosse virus).   Natural infection by VACV in horses was reported in Brazil, yet it seems to be a rare event (BRUM et al., ; MATOS et al., ). VACV is the etiological agent of bovine vaccinia, a zoonotic and emerging disease with great importance in dairy cattle and public health in some Brazilian regions (TRINDADE et al., ; KROON et al., ; SANT.

  — The Arkansas Department of Agriculture (ADA) is urging owners of horses and other hooved animals to be on the lookout for a highly contagious virus that was recently confirmed in .   NPR coverage of Spillover: Animal Infections and the Next Human Pandemic by David Quammen. News, author interviews, critics' picks and more. Infectious diseases such as EHV-1 are best dealt with by having a strong immune system in the horse to fight the virus. However, not every horse has a strong immune system, and many horses have quite a bit of stress in their life. This suppresses the immune system. Horses on a show circuit traveling frequently are often very susceptible and may.

Virus infections of equines Download PDF EPUB FB2

The series Virus Infections of Vertebrates is intended to supplement the plethora of monographs devoted to individual viruses.

It was the editors' aim to present a "zoocentric" approach instead of the "virocentric" course most authors follow. This sixth volume in the series provides an up-to-date overview of the main viruses affecting equines.

Part of the "Virus Infections of Vertebrates" series that is intended to supplement the plethora of monographs devoted to individual viruses, this volume provides an overview of the main viruses At the beginning of each chapter, a short family description discussing infections caused by viruses.

Local horse owners are concerned over a virus type infection that is affecting the equine population in Williams. A Flagstaff veterinarian says it is similar to the common cold found in humans. Approximately 75% of the equines infected with the hendra virus succumb to it within 48 hours, and somewhere around half of the humans infected will meet the same fate.

Hendra virus is a rare but deadly virus in Australia, spread by flying fox bats to horses. Infected equines can transmit the virus to other horses, or to humans.

Organized by infectious agent — virus, bacterial and rickettsial, protazoal, and fungal — it includes complete coverage of the individual diseases caused by each type of agent. A section on clinical problems examines conditions such as ocular infections, CNS infections, and skin infections.

EEE virus is a rare cause of brain Virus infections of equines book (encephalitis). Only a few cases are reported in the United States each year. Most occur in eastern or Gulf Coast states. Approximately 30% of people with EEE die and many survivors have ongoing neurologic problems.

Equine Herpesvirus (EHV)/Rhinopneumonitis. With recent outbrea ks of EHV inmost horse owners are somewhat aware of the dangers of this highly contageious virus. EHV is characterized by respiratory infections, paralysis, abortions, inflammation of the spinal cord, and occasionally death in young horses.

Viral infection of the small intestine (viral enteritis) in horses normally affects only the superficial layers of the small intestinal mucosa, particularly the enterocytes of the absorptive villi.

Clinical symptoms of viral enteritis tend to be mild and transitory, and commonly include lethargy, anorexia, and fever. Equine flu or equine influenza is a viral disease of horses characterized by severe nasal discharge, coughing, difficulty in breathing, and caused by Equine Influenza Virus Type-A (H7N7) and Type-B(H3N8).

The disease is contagious and occurs worldwide. Most of the cases, the disease spread from the direct contact of infected horses in equestrian sports. Select from our A to Z list to read all about a disease or condition in one comprehensive overview. Find your topic by first letter.

Cushing’s syndrome occurs when the pituitary gland, which helps control the production of critical hormones in the body, produces too much cortisol, causing such. Equine influenza (horse flu) is the disease caused by strains of influenza A that are enzootic in horse species.

Equine influenza occurs globally, previously caused by two main strains of virus: equine-1 and equine-2 ().The OIE now considers H7N7 strains likely to be extinct since these strains have not been isolated for over 20 years.

Predominant international circulating H3N8 strains are. (1) Background: Equine hepacivirus (EqHV), also referred to as non-primate hepacivirus (NPHV), infects horses—and dogs in some instances—and is closely related to hepatitis C virus (HCV) that has infected up to 3% of the world’s human population, causing an epidemic of liver cirrhosis and cancer.

Similar infection of pancreatic islet cells has been described in goats infected with foot-and-mouth disease virus. Equine rhinitis B virus (formerly equine rhinovirus 2) is the sole member and type species (designated erbovirus A) of the genus Erbovirus, with three recognized serotypes (designated as equine rhinitis B viruses 1, 2, and 3) that.

Source: Kentucky Department of Agriculture Number Confirmed: 10 Notes: The Kentucky Department of Agriculture has confirmed 10 cases of Potomac Horse Fever in the past several weeks. 1 case each in Adair and Shelby Counties, 3 cases in Bourbon County, 5 in Fayette County with note that 1 of the Fayette cases was a horse brought over from Indiana for treatment.

Purchase Equine Infectious Diseases - 1st Edition. Print Book & E-Book. ISBNIdeal for both practitioners and students, Equine Infectious Diseases, 2nd Edition covers the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of infectious disease in horses.

Organized by infectious agent — viral, bacterial and rickettsial, protozoal, and fungal — it includes complete coverage of the individual diseases caused by each type of agent. Nucleotide sequence analysis of equine infectious anemia virus proviral DNA. Virology. Jun; (2)– König H, Behr E, Löwer J, Kurth R.

Azidothymidine triphosphate is an inhibitor of both human immunodeficiency virus type 1 reverse transcriptase and DNA polymerase gamma. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. Dec; 33 (12)–   The equine influenza virus (EIV) is a major pathogen of respiratory diseases in horses, donkeys and mules.

Equine influenza (EI) is characterized by a very rapid spread and remains a disease with high economic stakes for the equine industry.

A large‐scale outbreak caused by equine influenza virus of the H3N8 subtype has occurred in each decade since an H3N8 was first isolated from horses. Equine Infectious Anemia Virus (EIA) Equine infectious anemia is a potentially fatal viral disease.

There is no cure or effective treatment for EIA. Most infected horses show no symptoms but remain contagious for life, endangering the health of other horses.

EIA is transmitted by blood or by passage across the placenta in the pregnant mare. ACVIM EHV-1 consensus statement– current detailed information about the virus, neurological disease, and control. Nasal Shedding of Equine Herpesvirus-1 from Horses in an Outbreak of Equine Herpes Myeloencephalopathy in Western Canada.

Additional Resources: USDA Equine Biosecurity Brochure (available in Spanish as well through USDA/APHIS). However, it should be remembered that these viruses cannot be spread from one horse to another and that an infected mosquito is required to cause infection in a horse. Mosquitoes do not become infected with WNV by biting horses because horses do not produce enough virus.

Equine herpesvirus-1 (EHV-1) remains one of the most common viral pathogens affecting horses worldwide presenting as a persistent infection which can establish latency in nerve ganglia (trigeminal ganglion), lymphoid tissues of the respiratory tract and peripheral blood lymphocytes.

EHV-1 infection induces both humoral and cellular immune responses in horses. In addition, co-infection with EHV-5 is common not only in ocular disease, but also in respiratory cases, making it difficult to attribute causation of disease to a particular virus.

[media. This is first book I have found that defines the replication, random mutation and transmission of viruses in a most straightforward manner. Quammen opens with a description of the virus Hendra, which attacks horses with devastating results with occasional spillover to s: 1K.

Kemerovo virus is a tick-borne virus that was isolated from cerebrospinal fluid of two patients in western Siberia in during a small outbreak of febrile disease. Orungo virus was found in the blood of febrile patients in tropical Africa and is believed to cause small epidemics.

Changuinola virus was isolated from a patient with fever in. How to remove malware such as a virus, spyware, or rogue security software Removing a computer virus or spyware can be difficult without the help of malicious software removal tools.

Some computer viruses and other unwanted software reinstall themselves after the viruses and spyware are detected and removed. Ryan M. Wallace, Brett W. Petersen, David R.

Shlim. INFECTIOUS AGENTS. Rabies is a fatal, acute, progressive encephalomyelitis caused by neurotropic viruses in the family Rhabdoviridae, genus us and diverse variants of lyssaviruses are found in a wide variety of animal species throughout the world, all of which may cause fatal human rabies.

Hepatitis E virus (HEV) as an emerging zoonotic pathogen causes a major public health issue. Transmission from domestic, wildlife and zoo animals to human has been widely reported. Whether pets also serve as reservoirs remains an intriguing question.

In this study, we found the sero-positive rates of HEV-specific antibodies in pet dogs, cats and horses of % (30/), % (7/47) and "Equine Infectious Diseases is a complete up-to-date review essential for both the general equine practitioner and the specialist, covering both common and rare infectious diseases of the horse, with an international collection of contributors from USA, Canada, United Kingdom, Germany, Denmark, Australia and South Africa.

CHAPTER 5. PROPERTIES OF THE VIRUS was published in Experimental Studies in Equine Infectious Anemia on page. Equine viral arteritis is caused by a virus that causes inflammation of horse's arteries, an RNA virus in the genus Arterivirus (family Arteriviridae).

Antibodies to this virus which show that a horse has been infected with the virus are found in horses and zebras. Standard breds seem to be particularly susceptible to the disease. Prevention.frequency of inapparent infection/horses mildly affected with disease.

Equine arteritis virus should be suspected whenever high fever, peripheral edema, and signs of upper respiratory infection (oculonasal discharge) are present. Diagnosis cannot be based purely on clinical signs alone as they are non-specific.Journal of Equine Veterinary Science (JEVS) is an international publication designed for the practicing equine veterinarian, equine researcher, and other equine health care specialist.

Published monthly, each issue of JEVS includes original research, reviews, case reports, short communications, and clinical techniques from leaders in the equine veterinary field, covering such topics as.